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So it conclusion pertains to both the fricative /?/ while the affricate (/?/: NV dos,960 Hz vs

Shape 8. shows the outcomes to the basic and you can 2nd formant in the end of vowel preceding /?/ as well as in the product quality Polish and you can the brand new variations.

So far as the newest regularity off F1 of your before vowel is concerned, the outcomes point to a reduced F1 throughout the the brand new variation away from compared to the Important Shine relevant sound (NV 594 Hz versus. SP 665 Hz, t=?2.730, p : t=?dos.204, p

The outcome and indicated that the fresh new F3 regularity of your own after the vowel was rather high in the brand new variations in comparison to the high quality Shine variations. SP 2,831 Hz, t=2.763, p : NV 2,939 Hz vs. SP 2,810 Hz, t=dos.567, p . 325, p try rather different from the Practical Gloss and you will the fresh variants; F1 regularity assortment are lower in new version (/?/: NV ?87 Hz against. SP ?33 Hz, t=?2.086, p : NV ?121 Hz against. ?67 Hz, t=?2.086, p=.055 (during the quantity of analytical tendency)). Zero significant difference between the two alternatives is actually discover towards F2 and you may F3 volume listing of the brand new preceding vowel. Likewise, the latest F1, F2 and you will F3 regularity range of adopting the vowel weren’t rather additional into the Simple Polish together with new variation.

No high differences had been based in the time of frication out of the fricative and the affricate: when you find yourself Basic Polish /?/ enjoys an average lifetime of 0.098 s, the common worth of new version is actually 0.101 s. The latest fricative area of the affricate was 0.061 s for the Basic Gloss and you can 0.058 s regarding the new version.

In every the fresh analyses demonstrated over the influence off Message Design and you can Worry try significant merely in a number of activities. The outcome of address design is uniform somewhat with the research from Maniwa mais aussi al. (2009), and that indicated that English Australia ekteskap fricatives showcase other acoustic attributes in a good conversational vs. a clear build. REPETITION try with greater regularity high, albeit only, for the formants and you will cycle, and much more frequently in the affricates than in fricatives; understand the results of the newest statistical analyses from inside the Appendix C.

step three.step one. Linear discriminant study

The analysis presented more than what to high variations in multiple details between the the latest and you may Fundamental Shine sibilant. The intention of the next linear discriminant study (LDA) they to show which of the examined details are the extremely helpful in discriminating the new variant throughout the Basic Shine variant and you may what portion of the information and knowledge shall be accurately classified by the with this mathematical strategy. We used the LDA with jacknifed (i.e., log off that out) predictions. The new LDA used to be properly used for the latest discrimination away from English fricatives (Jongman mais aussi al. 2000; McMurray and you may Jongman 2011). In line with the investigation displayed significantly more than, we’re going to continue fricatives and affricates during the separate groups.

In the example of the fresh new influence from REPETITION is actually rather some other regarding Standard Gloss and you can the version (t = ?dos

All acoustic parameters shown for the (4) was basically included because predictors on the LDA no matter what reality one several weren’t tall on the linear regression models. Brand new LDA outputs just one setting you to definitely most useful discriminates each other alternatives regarding fricatives (Important Polish vs. the new variation). As the spectral peak and you may COG highly coordinated collectively (0.79), the previous was also excluded about design. Overall, 19 predictors suitable this new LDA, 9 of which did not somewhat contribute to the fresh new discrimination out of the standard Polish rather than the brand new variant. And this, the remainder variables (10) was in fact installing into the final model. New model is highly high (Wilks’ Lambda = 0.5251, ?2 = , df = ten, p rather than its relevant the new alternatives.

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